The origin and origin of the puzzle
The origin of the puzzle
Puzzle toys have about 235 years of history. As early as 1760, France and Britain almost simultaneously this kind of both popular and useful entertainment. Put an image on the cardboard and cut it into irregular pieces. Initially these images are educational, either with essays suitable for young people to read, or to impart historical or geographical knowledge to the emerging bourgeoisie. In 1762, during the reign of Louis XV in France, a merchant named Dima began selling map puzzles and achieved little success. This kind of map puzzle requires that the pieces be rearranged and is a very elegant entertainment.
In the same year, in London, a man named John Spearsbury of the printer also thought of a similar idea, invented the enduring puzzle toys. He cleverly engages a British map on the back of a thin dining table and then cuts the map exactly as small as the edge of the county. This idea can bring huge wealth, but the poor Spearsbury did not get the money, he only live 29 years old, did not see the huge success of the puzzle toy. The real significance of his success is that he opens two important markets for his invention: the emerging middle class consumers who are eager to knowledge and status, and the harsh British schools of his time. Spearsbury lived in an era that saw the map as a symbol of the gentleman. Large tourism activities to push this puzzle heat to the peak, which is a grand event, a detailed show of a complete European. From this perspective, the puzzle toy is the use of jigsaw puzzles to learn the whole of Europe's geography - the state, the Principality, the county, the city, the town, the river and so on. At that time familiar with the map and now have their own home page as proud.
Puzzles soon become mature, with the majority of the market's entertainment products, consumers can buy jigsaw puzzle anywhere At this point the puzzle is not only for education and entertainment, but also for commercial advertising and political propaganda. World War I (1914-1918) is a good example. Cheap puzzles on the painting of brave soldiers who rushed to fight for the king and the country, the puzzle in both sides are very popular war, sell well. Puzzles have become close to people in the inner world, into the home and spread the information. Puzzles and newspapers, radios and upcoming first-generation televisions become a simple and straightforward mass media way. Should people be encouraged to travel by train? Many of the puzzles show majestic trains and happy travelers have appeared. Every new invention and tide - steamboat, airplane, car and the latest and most daring women's swimsuit - have appeared on the puzzle. 1929 after the world economic crisis, swept through the Great Depression of North America during the period, but it is the culmination of the popular puzzle period. To the nearest newsstand only 25 cents to buy 300 pieces of the puzzle, you can forget your hard life, immersed in the dream of piecing together happy days. Rich and celebrities are also indulging in this frenzy. In New York, two unemployed sellers, John Henry and Frank Well, made a lot of money with the original Spearsbury puzzle design. What is their secret? Excellent splint of high quality reproduction. Henry and Vail quickly with the Astor family, Vanderbilt family, Bin - Crosby and Marilyn - Monroe to establish contact, business is booming, steady resources.